Schizophrenia Treatment in Bangladesh: One of the most critical factors about schizophrenia is its treatment. The treatment depends on the type of schizophrenia you have. A few treatment methods used to treat schizophrenia are: using antipsychotic medication and antipsychotic medication, psychotherapy, hospitalization, medications, rehabilitation, art therapy, yoga, meditation, and environmental design.
Schizophrenia is considered a chronic, severe mental disorder that interrupts the traditional way an individual thinks, acts, expresses emotions, reality, and relates to others. Schizophrenia isn’t so common as other major mental illnesses, but it is often chronic and disabling. Moreover, Schizophrenia typically begins in early adulthood.
People with schizophrenia face problems doing well in society, at work, school, and in relationships. They could feel frightened and withdrawn and will appear to possess lost touch with reality. This lifelong disease can’t be cured but is often controlled with proper treatment.
Condition of Schizophrenia Treatment in Bangladesh
Schizophrenia is a chronic illness. After getting proper treatment, some 25% of people with Schizophrenia do recover fully, a further 25-35% improve considerably and live relatively independent lives, some 20% improve but need extensive support, and between 10 and 15% remain unimproved in hospitals. A further 10-15% die prematurely, primarily by suicide.
Regarding Schizophrenia in Bangladesh, many people rushed to the spiritual healers and accepted treatment devoid of any scientific components like holy water, tabiz, and other indigenous methods. Another group of educated and biased people by intentional publicity of counseling that excludes rejection of any medication as a part of treatment goes for the talk therapy, which has no or minor role in the management of Schizophrenia.
Counselling has a very influential role in a large group of mental disorders. Still, in the case of Schizophrenia, where the brain has gone through a definite biochemical change, drugs are the prime approach to treatment. Stopping the drugs for Schizophrenic patients for the sake of counseling may create any catastrophe like suicide. So, regular medication is a must for the effective management of Schizophrenia, and patients need to attain occupational therapy, which may help them remain functionally active.
There are several sorts of schizophrenia.
Paranoid schizophrenia is that the most typical sort of schizophrenia. It’s going to develop later in life than in other forms. Hallucinations and delusions are the major symptoms, but your speech and emotions might not be affected.
Hebephrenic schizophrenia also referred to as ‘disorganized schizophrenia,’ this sort of schizophrenia typically develops when you’re 15-25 years old. People living with disorganized schizophrenia often show little or no emotions in their facial expressions, voice tone, or mannerisms.
This is that the rarest schizophrenia diagnosis, characterized by unusual, limited, and sudden movements. You’ll often switch between being very active or very still. You’ll not talk much, and you’ll mimic other’s speech and action.
If your diagnosis finds the signs of paranoid, hebephrenic, or catatonic type schizophrenia, but it doesn’t fit into one among these types alone, it is considered undifferentiated schizophrenia.
You could also be diagnosed with residual schizophrenia if you have a history of psychosis but only have the negative symptoms (such as unstable movement, lack of sharp memory, lack of concentration, and poor hygiene).
Simple schizophrenia is never diagnosed within Bangladesh. Negative symptoms are prominent early and worsen. In contrast, positive symptoms (such as hallucinations, delusions, disorganized thinking) are rarely experienced.
People with Cenesthopathic Schizophrenia experience unusual bodily sensations.
Symptoms meet the overall conditions for a diagnosis but don’t fit into any of the above categories.
Treatment of Schizophrenia in Bangladesh
There is no curable treatment for schizophrenia, but it’s possible to limit symptoms and reduce the probabilities of further episodes with the proper treatment. Everyone’s experience of schizophrenia is different. It’s going to become better before worsening, you’ll have attacks of being unwell, or its effects could also be more constant.
Less than 10% of people may have an enduring recovery, and 5% may significantly improve.
The most common treatment for schizophrenia is medication and talking therapies.
Your doctor may provide you with antipsychotic medications to treat schizophrenia. These help to scale back the symptoms but won’t cure them.
You should help your doctor to seek out the most straightforward medication for you. If you favor, cared or loved one also can help decide.
Doctors should explain the advantages and side effects of every drug. If the side effects of the medication are too challenging to deal with after trialing it for a couple of weeks, you’ll speak to your doctor about trying other medicines. It’s important not to stop suddenly as this will cause withdrawal symptoms.
You should review your medication together with your doctor a minimum of once a year.
Talking therapies, sometimes mentioned as psychosocial treatments, assist you in looking at your thoughts and behaviors.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
CBT aims to assist you in understanding links between your thoughts, feeling, and actions. CBT will check out your symptoms, how they affect your life, and your perceptions and beliefs. Also, CBT improves awareness of your episodes and provides you ways of dealing with stress and other symptoms.
Art therapy can assist you in learning new ways of concerning people, showing how you’re feeling, accept your feelings, and understand your feelings. If your psychosis reoccurs, art therapy should be considered.
Arts therapy could also be more helpful if you’ve got depressive symptoms like withdrawing from family and friends. It usually takes place with a gaggle to assist combine-communication with creativity.
Family Intervention is where you and your family work with psychological state professionals to assist in managing relationships. This therapy could offer to people that you reside with or with who you’re in close contact. The support you and your family are given will depend upon your problems and what preferences you all have. This might be group family sessions or individual sessions.
Early intervention teams
Early intervention teams are specialist NHS services that give support to people once they are first experiencing schizophrenia. You’ll meet with psychiatrists, psychologists, specialist nurses, and support workers.
Self-care and management skills can assist you in knowing and overcome symptoms of schizophrenia.
Your health or caseworker may offer to support you with self-management. Otherwise, you could also be offered peer support from people who have schizophrenia.
Self-care focuses on:
- Daily routines
- Taking medication
- Recognizing your triggers and when you’re becoming unwell
- Maintaining recovery
Schizophrenia, a mental disorder, is treated with various medications. However, the Schizophrenia Treatment in Bangladesh is sometimes not enough to manage the symptoms of the illness. Doctors and patients are looking for an alternative, more effective treatment for schizophrenia. One possible alternative is a lobotomy, a surgical procedure in which the brain is affected by deep-brain stimulation.