Asperger’s Syndrome (AS) is a category of the autism spectrum disorder, a pervasive development disorder (PDD). PDDs are conditions that involve delays in the development of many basic skills, most notably the ability to socialize with others, to communicate and to use imagination.
Children diagnosed with AS are on the higher-functioning end of the autism spectrum disorder. They have normal to high intelligence quotients and can be educated through mainstream school options, but like those with autism, children with AS have difficulty with social and communication skills and require special education services.
As with other autism spectrum disorders, early intervention is important to successful treatment for children with AS and most respond well to highly structured, specialized programs.
Asperger’s syndrome symptoms
Like other PDD, Asperger’s Syndrome affects each person differently and can vary from severe to mild cases. An individual diagnosed with AS may have all or some of the following behaviors:
- Problems with non-verbal behaviors such as eye contact, facial expression and body language in social situations
- Difficulty interpreting social cues
- Socially and emotionally inappropriate responses
- Difficulty developing relationships with peers
- Strict adherence to routines
- Preoccupation with a particular subject(s)
- Difficulty judging personal space
- Sensitivity to the environment such as loud noises, odors, and clothing and food textures Impaired speech and language skills
- Difficulty understanding the feelings of others
- Using a formal style of speech, often called “little professor” verbose
- The literal interpretation of language and trouble comprehending implied meanings
- Extensive vocabulary
- Superior memory
- recurring finger flapping or twisting
- Difficulty holding conversations
While children with AS have the desire to fit in socially and have friends, they have difficulty making friends because of their lack of social awareness and skills. Many children with AS are at risk for developing mood disorders, such as anxiety or depression, and may require intervention to prevent or treat such conditions.