Obsessive-compulsive disorder personality is a kind of anxiety that arises when there is some issue with how the brain deals with normal worrying and doubts. Children or older people who have obsessive-compulsive bipolar disorder worry a lot.
They often feel that bad things can happen at any moment. Treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder is not very difficult. Proper diagnosis, medication, and regular psychotherapy can be a package for treating Obsessive-compulsive Disorder.
Definition of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder(OCD)
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The word obsession means a recurrent idea, thought, impulse, or image that is intrusive and inappropriate, leading to a marked increase in anxiety or distress.
On the other hand, a compulsion is a ritualistic, repetitive, and involuntary defensive behavior or action. Performing a compulsive behavior minimizes the patient’s anxiety and enhances the probability that the behavior will recur.
Generally, compulsions are linked with obsessions.
According to a recent study, patients with obsessive-compulsive bipolar disorder are more likely to abuse psychoactive substances like alcohol and anxiolytics to relieve their anxiety.
Causes of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Personality
The cause of the obsessive-compulsive disorder personality is not known.
Studies demonstrate that there are abnormalities in the central nervous system’s serotonin transmission and the paralimbic circuit. There are a few studies that think that there is some possibility of brain lesions.
Major depression, organic brain syndrome, and schizophrenia may have some role to play in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Authorities believe that this disorder is closely related to eating disorders.
Any individual who has a blood relative suffering from this disorder is more likely to develop the disorder than someone who does not.
Research points out that not every individual with a relative with the disorder will necessarily develop it.
Interesting Facts for Treatment Of OCD
Statistically, obsessive-compulsive disorder afflicts about 3.3 million adult Americans and 50 worldwide. It strikes men and women in approximately equal numbers and first makes its presence felt in childhood, adolescence, or early adulthood.
According to one study, about one-third of adults suffering from this disorder report that they experienced their first symptoms as children.
Symptoms may come and go or may ease over time, or with time, they can grow progressively worse.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Treatment
This disorder is quite tenacious, but improvement occurs in around 60% to 70% of patients who get proper treatment. Present treatment involves a combination of medication and cognitive-behavioral therapy(CBT).
These people may also have depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, an eating disorder, or a learning disorder such as dyslexia.
According to experts, having one or more of these disorders can make diagnosis and treatment tough. Therefore it is recommended that you talk to your doctor about any symptoms you have.
Important Points for Coping with OCD
- Approach the patient unhurriedly.
- Give the patient an accepting atmosphere. Do not appear shocked, amused, or critical of the ritualistic behavior.
- Keep the patient’s physical health in mind. For example, compulsive hand washing may lead to skin breakdown, and rituals or preoccupations may give rise to inadequate food and fluid intake and exhaustion. You must satisfy patients’ basic needs, such as rest, nutrition, and grooming.
- Let the patient know you are aware of the behavior and attitude. Assist the patient in exploring feelings linked with the behavior.
- To successfully treat obsessive-compulsive disorder, it is paramount that you make reasonable demands and set reasonable limits, explaining their objective properly. Avoid creating situations that can enhance frustration and lead to anger, which may interfere with treatment.
Analyze patterns leading to behavior or recurring problems. Obsessive-compulsive disorder can be managed with proper medication and counseling or psychotherapy from a professional psychologist or psychiatrist.