Psychological Treatments for Drug Addiction in BD are increasing and being more modern than in the past decades. Addiction is a tremendous problem in Bangladesh and a topic that desperately needs more attention.
Most people who are addicted to drugs are not violent or dangerous criminals but rather ordinary citizens who have fallen victim to the powerful substances that are harmful to the mind.
Addiction to any substance or activity is a complex and multi-faceted issue that requires a multi-faceted approach. When addiction is strongly associated with poverty, the problem becomes much more complex, and challenges to health, family, and society ensue. This is the case for several countries in the world, including Bangladesh.
Drug Addiction Reports:
The problem of drug addiction remains one of the most pressing issues in the country, with patients facing a bleak prognosis.
According to the survey, around 6 million drug addicts are in the country, wherein 80 percents are adolescents and young people (15-30 years of age).
While one-third of them is from rural areas, the majority of addicts are from urban areas. And because drug addiction is a widespread issue, this has led to intense demand for treatment services in the country.
National Drug Control Strategy (NDCS) Report
The National Drug Control Strategy (NDCS) 2016–2020 was released. It acknowledged the need to deal with the fallout of the drug problem, and in the process, acknowledged that drug use is at an all-time high.
The document made it clear that the most important goal is to reduce the demand for illicit manufacture, use, and trafficking of drugs in Bangladesh. The government is working towards this goal through a combination of initiatives and legislative reforms.
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) report
Drug abuse is a worldwide health concern and an enormous problem to solve. According to a National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) report in 2012, the drug problem is worsening despite recent efforts to curb drug abuse. The report also revealed that drug abuse in the U.S. has increased by 14.9 percent in the last decade and that the rate is increasing.
Drug Addiction and Relapse:
One of the biggest pitfalls of drug abuse or addiction is relapse. When a person is addicted to drugs, they may feel a tremendous amount of stress caused by the consequences of drug use.
The social stigma of addiction can make drug users feel guilty or ashamed of their addiction. Many drug users try to reduce their drug use because they fear the consequences of drug use.
Drug addiction is a chronic disease. It is additionally a relapsing disease. Relapse is that the return to drug use after an effort to prevent it.
The path to the white plague begins with the voluntary act of shooting up. But over time, an individual’s ability to settle on to not do so becomes compromised. Seeking and taking the drug becomes compulsive.
This is often primarily thanks to the consequences of long-term drug exposure on brain function.
Types of Psychological Treatments for Drug Addiction in BD:
Traditional methods often treat people who have substance abuse problems in Bangladesh with traditional healers, which are believed to be effective in curing addiction. However, modern western medicine is also widely used in the country.
In Bangladesh, the psychological treatment for drug addiction includes group and individual therapy sessions that specialize in teaching those in recovery the talents needed to urge and stay sober and navigate various situations without forwarding to drugs.
Behavioral therapy is probably the most effective therapy during rehabilitation. A general behavioral therapeutic approach has been adapted into a spread of practical techniques. These include:
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
CBT is often applied within the treatment of the many different types of problematic substance use.
People treated with CBT techniques learn to acknowledge and alter their maladaptive behaviors. CBT can help people with coping skills, identifying risky situations and what to try to do about them, and preventing relapse.
This approach is helpful because it is often paired with other techniques. The talents learned through CBT still benefit long after the initial therapy, and it isis often wont to treat co-occurring mental or physical health disorders.
Contingency Management (CM)
CM can also be an effective treatment for the addiction of alcohol, opioids, marijuana, and stimulants are employed to encourage or reinforce sobriety.
This white plague treatment method provides material rewards as motivation for desirable behaviors, like maintaining sobriety.
A serious advantage of CM is that it may result in a reduction within two of the essential treatment-related issues: throwing in the towel and relapse.
Motivational Interviewing (MI)
MI may be a white plague treatment method of resolving ambivalence in recovering individuals to permit them to embrace their treatment efforts to change their problematic substance use behavior best.
One advantage of MI is that, despite being facilitated by a therapist, those in recovery develop their motivation and an idea for change throughout several sessions, which may provide them with more control throughout their treatment.
Dialectal Behavioral Therapy (DBT)
DBT is often adapted for several drug abuse cases but mainly focuses on treating severe personality disorders, like borderline mental disorder.
DBT works to scale back cravings, help patients avoid situations or opportunities to relapse, assist in abandoning actions that reinforce substance use, and learn healthy coping skills.
Rational Emotive behavior modification (REBT)
REBT helps patients understand their thoughts, then helps to develop better habits and thinking in additional positive and rational ways and gain healthier emotions.
The bottom for REBT is that logical thinking comes from within; external situations aren’t what gives one the sensation of happiness or unhappiness.
The Matrix Model employed a mixture of varied therapeutic techniques and was initially developed to treat people with stimulant addictions.
Against this backdrop of various styles, therapists specialize in rewarding good behaviors and teaching patients to believe in themselves, self-esteem, dignity, and self-worth.
12-Step facilitation therapy aims to market continued abstinence by engaging people in recovery with 12-Step peer support groups. Meetings should be arranged by several different 12-Step fellowships, including Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous.
All of the mentioned best Psychological Treatments for Drug Addiction in BD. Only professional mental health specialists capable to apply for patients.
Top 11 Drug Addiction Treatment & Rehabilitation Centre in Bangladesh
Following are some centers for drug addiction treatment and rehabilitation.
- Foundation Hospital & Diagnostic Center: Appointment: +880 1991-150900. GREEN ROAD, DHANMONDI Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh
- Golden Life Drug Addiction Treatment Center, Address: House No 33, Kolowala Para, Dhaka 1216, Phone: 01716-623665
- “AMAR Home” Drug Addiction Treatment Center., Address: House 46 Rd No 2, Dhaka 1230, Phone: 01966-186618
- BARACA (Bangladesh Rehabilitation and Assistance Center for Addicts, Address: Vill-Kamalapur, Savar, 1340, Phone: 01911-343154
- Omega Point Drug Addiction Treatment Center (Rehab), Address: Block G, House 4, Road 2, Mirpur 1, Dhaka 1216, Phone: 01711-159828=
- Utshob Drug Treatment & Rehabilitation Center, Address: 03 School Rd Dhaka 1236 School Rd, Dhaka 1236, Phone: 01670-322222
- Proshanti Drug Treatment & Rehabilitation Center, Address: 338/3/D, North, Titas Rd, Dhaka 1219, Phone: 01846-855236
- “AMAR Home” Drug Rehabilitation Center, Mymensingh, Address: 17A, 2 Purohit Para Rd, Mymensingh 2200, Phone: 01966-186618
- Phera Rehabilitation Center For Drug Addiction, Address: House-46 Road No. 3, Dhaka 1230, Phone: 01610-161777
- “ALOK” Addiction Management And Rehabilitation Center, Address: Dhaka 1222, Phone: 01726-684988
- Holy Life Drug Curing Center, Address: Baganbari Tower, 485 DIT Rd, Dhaka 1217, Phone: 01711-815342